brief notes on
organisms into a hierarchical system indicates the degree of similarity
among them. All
fungi belong to the kingdom Fungi (they are neither photosynthetic,
nor seed producing) and the division Eumycota (they are not amaeboid
or plasmodial) are typically mycelial
or unicellular. Ectomycorrhizal
fungi are separated into the subdivisions Ascomycotina if they produce
spores inside an ascus, the Basidiomycotina
if they have clamp connections
and spores that are produced externally on a basidium, or the Deuteromycotina
if they lack a sexual stage.
fungi found in this study belong to the subdivision Basidiomycotina.
The Basidiomycotina is divided into 3 different classes, the Teliomycetes
(rusts and smuts), Phragmobasidiomycetes (most jelly fungi), and the
Holobasidiomycetes (mushrooms and allies). Fungi belonging to the
Holobasidiomycetes have one-celled, club shaped basidia and are divided
into the classes Gasteromycetes and Hymenomycetes. The Gasteromycetes,
such as truffles and puffballs, have basidia and spores that develop
enclosed in fungal tissue and the spores are not forcibly discharged.
Fungi, such as mushrooms, boletes, corals etc. belong to the Hymenomycetes,
have basidia and spores that develop externally and spores that are
forcibly discharged allowing for a spore print to be obtained. The
colour of the spore print is important in mushroom identification.
Hymenomycetes are divided into different orders, which are then divided
into families and then further divided into genera. Fungi with lamellae
(mushrooms) and fungi with tubes that are easily separated from the
are found in the order Agaricales. Another common order in the Hymenomycetes
is the Aphyllophorales, which is a large, and variable order consisting
of fungi without lamellae
(chanterelles, corals, hedgehog fungi). Within both of these orders
are a number of different families.
Fungi reported here, belong to 2 orders, 9 families and 15 genera. In the order Agaricales are the families Amanitaceae (genus Amanita), Boletaceae (genus Boletus), Cortinariaceae (genera Cortinarius, Inocybe, Phaeocollybia, Rozites), Gomphidiaceae (genus Chroogomphus), Hygrophoraceae (genus Hygrophorus), Russulaceae (genera Lactarius and Russula) and Tricholomataceae (genera Laccaria and Tricholoma). In the order Aphyllophorales are the families Cantharellaceae (genera Craterellus, Gomphus), Hydnaceae (genus Hydnum).
Arora, D. 1986. Mushrooms Demystified. Ten Speed Press. Berkeley, Ca. pp 958.
Largent, D. 1986. How to identify mushrooms to genus I: Macroscopic Features. Mad River Press. Eureka, Ca., pp 166.
Moser, M. 1983. Keys to Agarics and Boleti (Polyporales, Boletales, Agaricales, Russulales). Roger Phillips. London. Eng. Pp. 535.